Employee rights

Do you have a problem at work? Do you want to know what rights and obligations you have when you legally work in Romania? Here you can find all the information you need to carry out your activity in the best conditions, provided by the Ministry of Labor (https://mmuncii.ro).

Keep in mind, we want to know what problems you have and we await your questions at workandlive.ro@gmail.com.

What is the minimum wage in Romania?

The guaranteed gross minimum base salary nationwide is 3,300 lei per month, without allowances, bonuses, and other supplements. The minimum wage has been increased as of 1 October 2023, with a net value of 2,079 lei. This measure does not…

What is the minimum wage in Romania?

Can I, as a foreign citizen, be discriminated against?

Any discrimination based on sex, sexual orientation, genetic characteristics, age, national origin, race, color, ethnicity, religion, political affiliation, social origin, disability, family situation, union membership or activity is prohibited in…

Can I, as a foreign citizen, be discriminated against?

Do I have the right to annual leave?

Yes, you have the right to a minimum of 21 days of annual leave. Additionally, you have the right to unpaid leave for personal matters, professional training leave, and other leaves established by the applicable collective labor agreement or…

Do I have the right to annual leave?

When am I entitled to a break?

You have the right to a meal and rest break between two working days, which cannot be less than 12 consecutive hours, and to a weekly rest period granted over two consecutive days, usually on Saturdays and Sundays. More information on…

When am I entitled to a break?

Is night work paid extra?

Work performed between 22:00 – 06:00 is considered night work. Night shift employees either benefit from a reduced working schedule, receive a salary supplement, or are granted days off. More information on https://mmuncii.ro/ We are waiting…

Is night work paid extra?

Am I required to work overtime?

Overtime work cannot be performed without the employee’s agreement, except in cases of emergency, for urgent work to prevent accidents, or to remove the consequences of an accident. More information on https://mmuncii.ro/ We are waiting for…

Am I required to work overtime?

What is overtime work?

Overtime work is defined as activity carried out outside the established normal weekly working hours and is considered as additional working hours. More information on https://mmuncii.ro/ We are waiting for all your questions at…

What is overtime work?

What is the maximum duration of working time?

The maximum legal duration of working time cannot exceed 48 hours per week, including overtime hours. More information on https://mmuncii.ro/ We are waiting for all your questions at…

What is the maximum duration of working time?

How is working time regulated?

For full-time employees, the normal duration of working time is 8 hours per day and 40 hours per week. More information on https://mmuncii.ro/ We are waiting for all your questions at…

How is working time regulated?

How is payroll tax calculated?

Payroll tax in Romania is calculated by applying a flat rate of 16% on the tax base. The net income is calculated by deducting monthly mandatory contributions from the gross income, monthly union dues, and contributions to the optional pension…

How is payroll tax calculated?

Who is responsible for paying payroll tax?

Any individual or legal entity is required to pay payroll tax. Income can come from a salary or an economic activity undertaken by a company in Romania. The payroll tax and social insurance contributions are deducted monthly from the employee’s…

Who is responsible for paying payroll tax?

Do I have the right to join a union and how does this help me?

You do have the right to join a union if you wish. Your employer is obligated to consult with the union or employee representatives regarding decisions that may affect their rights and interests. Moreover, your employer must, if you request it,…

Do I have the right to join a union and how does this help me?

What rights do I have when I work in Romania?

Your rights are as follows: – receive money for the work done; – rest daily and weekly; – you have the right to vacation every year; – you have the same chances as all employees; – you get the same treatment at work; – feel safe…

What rights do I have when I work in Romania?

What is the legal form of employment in Romania?

To be legally employed and have rights in Romania, you must have an individual employment contract. The individual employment contract is concluded in three copies, one for you, one that remains with the employer and one is submitted to the…

What is the legal form of employment in Romania?

How many hours does the work schedule have?

The normal duration of working time is usually 8 hours per day and 40 hours per week for those who work full-time. There is also the possibility to work more, but it cannot exceed 48 hours per week. More information on…

How many hours does the work schedule have?

What do I need to do if the employer provides me with accommodation for free?

In this case, your employer has responsibilities. They have to provide a statement, certified by a notary, saying that they’ll offer you a place to stay while you work. They also need to show a document proving they own or can use the place in…

What do I need to do if the employer provides me with accommodation for free?

Can I work as a cross-border worker in Romania?

You can work as a cross-border worker only if you are a citizen of a country that shares a border with Romania and if you live in the border area of that country. More information on https://www.mmuncii.ro/j33/index.php/en We are waiting for…

Can I work as a cross-border worker in Romania?

What is an au pair worker?

An au pair worker is a foreign person who comes to Romania to live with a host family. They help with easy household tasks and taking care of children in exchange for improving their language skills. The employer, who is a member of the host…

What is an au pair worker?

What is a seasonal worker?

A seasonal worker is someone from another country who lives in Romania legally and temporarily. The seasonal worker is employed in Romania under an individual fixed-term employment contract, based on employment approval, to perform an activity that…

What is a seasonal worker?